Save Up To 70% Off Retail Prices! | Free Artwork Giveaway | Best Offer | Weekly Deals |  Have Questions? Call 1-888-851-5650  
Learning Center - Home
Art 101 - The Essential Guide
Exclusive Articles
Dictionary of Art Terms
YouTube Channel Opens In New Window.
Fine Art Blog Opens In New Window.
Find the Perfect Artwork!
New to or want to find the perfect artwork fast? Pick a starting point below!
New Arrivals
Artwork On Sale (Up to 70% off)
Weekly DealsHot!
Top Artists & Best SellersHot!
Browse Entire Collection
Featured CollectionsHot!
Browse by Artist Name
Artists In The Spotlight
Browse by Subjects of InterestHot!
Browse by Medium
Browse by Artwork Title
Browse by Dominant Color
Browse by Price Range
Browse by Artwork Dimensions Custom Framing & Online Frame ShopCustom Framing!
Save Time & Money! Fast Turnaround. Learn more...

Best Offer empowers you to negotiate a lower price for an item just like in real life!Like to Negotiate?
Submit an Offer and save a bunch of money! Learn more...

Get the art you want with the Layaway Program!Lay-It-Away!
Buy now and pay later. No Interest or Fees! Learn more...

Listen to eclectic music while you shop!I-Radio!
Shop & listen to eclectic sounds from around the globe! Launch I-Radio. Newsletter
Enjoy exclusive discounts and offers, new product information, decorating tips, educational content, and much more...
View Sample Opens In New Window. | Zero-Spam Policy
Back Dictionary Glossary
Email Page Email To A Friend
Print Dictionary Term
Add To Social Network
RSS Feed

Dada was a movement that occurred between 1915 until 1922. The movement fell between Cubism and the beginning of Surrealism. Artists who were political exiles met in Switzerland after World War I; however the Dada movement actually happened almost simultaneously in Zurich, Paris and New York. Dada, who was anti-political, anti-art and anti-sense, believed that art's sole purpose is to shock the viewer.

The Rumanian poet Tristan Tzara, the Alsatian sculptor Jean Arp, the German writers Hugo Ball and Richard Hulsenbeck and the French artist Marcel Duchamp are all credited with having started the Dada Movement. Duchamp began it in America as the others were starting it in Zurich and Paris. Tzara, Arp, Ball and Hulsenbeck started the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1916. It was a club for artists that had a stage, exhibition hall and featured various lectures and activities. It is said that Tzara capriciously came up with the name Dada after sticking a pin into the first word that came up in the Larousse Dictionary. Actually, the word "dada" is French for "hobby horse".

Marcel Du Champ exhibited in New York as early as 1915. His commonplace and bizarre objects included such things as the portrait "Mona Lisa" featuring a beard and mustache. With Man Ray and the critic Marius de Zayas and the art patron Walter Arensberg, Du Champ published a review called simply, "291". It became the main anti-painting movement publication. Picabia came to New York, and after becoming friends with Du Champ, Picabia returned to Barcelona and founded the review "391". The review "Dada", that Tzara started editing in 1917, was also contributed to by Picabia, who went to Paris The avant-garde writers Breton, Aragon, Soupault, Eluard, Ribemnot-Dessaignes, Peret and Cravan who contributed to the magazine "Litterature" were all enthusiastic about the Dada movement.

Due to disagreements among its participants, the Dada movement broke up in 1921. As a movement, although it was somewhat bizarre, the Dada was extremely influential in paving the way for the Surrealism movement that was started in 1922 by Andre Breton. The society in which these artists lived was undergoing fantastic change. Their art in was really expressing a desire for purity, even though the concept was difficult to find among their strange artworks. By subscribing to these methods, the artists destroyed the very movement that they had created. Because Surrealism was a direct child of Dada, their contributions and influence were quite substantial within the world of art.

Like this Dictionary Entry? Share it!
Tweet this Dictionary Entry on Twitter Post this Dictionary Entry to facebook Add this Dictionary Entry to! Digg this Article Add this Dictionary Entry to Reddit Add this Dictionary Entry to Technorati Add this Dictionary Entry to Newsvine Add this Dictionary Entry to Windows Live Add this Dictionary Entry to Yahoo Add this Dictionary Entry to StumbleUpon Add this Dictionary Entry to Spurl Add this Dictionary Entry to Google Add this Dictionary Entry to Ask Add this Dictionary Entry to Squidoo
  Go to top of page.
About ArtRev.comContact InformationAffiliate ProgramCustomer ServiceTerms of UsePrivacy Toolbar
See on Houz