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Celtic Art
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Because the Celts were not restricted to one geographical boundary and never organized themselves into only one nation, there is no geographic area where Celtic art was confined. They did have a common language, economy, social and material traditions that applied to all of them.

The Celtic people started in the beginning centuries of the last millennium B.C. Originally confined to western Europe, they wound up living from Ireland and western Spain to Anatolia and from northern Germany to middle Italy. Because of a massive reorganization of riches and power in the fifth century B.C., new artistic developments were born. These new artistic achievements are now called "La Tene", after the town in Switzerland where they were discovered.

From about 700 B.C. until 500 B.C., the Celts were adept at various metalworking methods of engraving and openwork, as well as some geometric and other motifs. The most important changes occurred during the time of the La Tene Celts. Some of these accomplishments include the bronze wine jugs placed in graves at Kappel-am-Rhein, Baden; black-figured were found at Heuneberg.

Another important period started about 500 B.C., when animal motifs and interwoven curving linear patterns were in use. Further examples of Celtic art during this period are a pair of bulls' heads and a neck ornament, that were found in Trichtingen and are now located in Stuttgart at the Landesmuseu,.

Celtic art is fairly easy to recognize, because it is quite distinctive and features spirals, curves and countercurves and designs that appear in relief At other times the designs were cut deeply or engraved into rocks at various locations. Subjects included humans, animals and plants that often showed the various salient characteristics of each subject in detail. Good examples of this style include the carved stone pillar from Pfalzfeld (now in Bonn at the Rheinisches Landesmuseum) and jewelry that was excavated at the graves of the Marne and those in Reinheim in the Saarland.

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