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Burmese Art
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There were two different groups of people in Burma until they came together in the eighth century A.D. Burma there were two different groups of people. At that time, the Burmese created the new capital of Pagan. Pagan was about 88 miles from the current capital of Mandalay. Indian settlers introduced Bhuddism to the Burmese; it soon became the most popular and strongest of the religions. In the late thirteenth century, Kublai Khan attacked the country. His army destroyed most of the city. It never again had the influence it had before the wars. Pagan had many temples, pagodas and monasteries, that still remain in varying states of decay or preservation.

The Burmese built one of the earliest Hindu sanctuaries in the tenth century and named it the Nathlaungkyaung temple. During the time when Anawrata ruled, the arts in Burma really started to blossom. There were two different types of buildings constructed, one where they kept relics and the other where they held religious services. The Burmese decorated their temples with sandstone. The most famous temple is the Ananda, started by Bhuddist monks and consecrated by King Kyanzittha, who ruled between the years 1084 and 1112. This temple has the design of a Greek cross. The porticos on the sides are the arms, and the main structure has several tiers and terraces. A main tower (sikhara) rises, topped off by a convex roof. The roof is significant because the Burmese are the only ones who built roofs such as this. There are hallways that go around the building's terraces, allowing the faithful to walk around the building. Then they can stop in front of the four statues of Bhudda located in the chapels. They primarily used mortar to construct the buildings. Inside walls often have paintings or terra-cotta panels showing the major events in Bhudda's life. Each panel usually shows one episode.

After the attacks of the thirteenth century, the arts suffered a decline in Burma. Later, they made others from marble. They were not as beautiful or as graceful as the ones that preceded them.

 
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