Barbarian art refers to the arts and crafts during the period of about 360 A.D.-900 A.D. "The Great Migration" is the name given to this period in Europe.
The revolution that occurred during these times had a great impact on the Western world from then until now. There were many wars throughout Europe and Asia; entire groups of people moved and met other groups. Rome rose and fell; Asiatic people spread out, and the Germanic peoples took over Rome. There were many changes affecting all the people living in Asia and Europe. It was through these revolutions and migrations that the arts emerged. Various people taught other people their long-standing traditions and styles. For example, the iron smiths of Celtic origins taught their techniques to the people whose country they invaded. Rome's influence was strong in all areas of life except the military.
Swords featured pattern-welded blades, carbonized edges. The crafts were mostly in the metal field, and there was less emphasis on architecture and sculpture. Elaborate jewelry of gold and silver had precious stones, and the plating of one metal with another became a standard practice. Masks of humans were the primary form that used human figures. Animals decorated jewelry that was religious or mythical in nature. Various animals had different meaning, such as the bull symbolizing strength and fertility. They made bronze belt buckles, pins, rings, and containers for drinking and eating. Brass was popular for decorating embossed jewelry. Craftsmen carved decorations on wood, and all of these techniques and items wound up spreading the artful elements to other countries and locations.
The barbarian art was the forerunner to the great changes that occurred in the world of art, architecture and sculpture in later times.