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Surrealism is considered to be one of the primary art movements of the early to middle 1900s. The movement grew from Dadaism. The Surrealist artists wanted to portray in their art the world of the unconscious, using the principles of psychoanalysis and metaphysics.

The movement started formally in 1924 with the publication of the "Manifeste du Surrealisme", that was published by Andre Breton, the French writer. The movement used the ways that humans interpret reality. Along with this, the Surrealists also believed that any thoughts about art should be uncontrolled in order to the subconscious do the actual composition of an artwork.

Paintings were done in order to express feelings. Max Ernst was the first Surrealist painter. His painting, "Reunion of Friends", was done in 1922 and is now part of a private collection in Hamburg. Ernst's collage, "Two Children Threatened by a Nightingale", is considered to be the visula manifesto of the movement; it was done in 1924 and now hangs in the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

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