Until the 13th century B.C., the Sumerians were in control of Assyria, that was in the upper part of Mesopotamia. Beginning in the 13th century B.C. and continuing to the sixth century B.C., the Assyrians were in control of their own country, that they had won in war. The Assyrian kings decided to have the story of Assyria told in reliefs that were extremely large and made of alabaster and gypsum. The kings decided what patterns the artist would use in their work. These patterns were also quite repetitive. Some reliefs show more originality, such as "Sennacherib at the Siege of Lachist", done in 600 B.C. and now located in London at the British Museum. The varying rulers of Assyria also determined the size of the reliefs, that ranged from extremely large pieces to much smaller ones. Even though quite a few reliefs survived, very few of them still remain.
Only a few statues and effigies remain, even though the Assyrians were quite prolific. Excavations recovered only a few paintings. Several of the palaces had murals decorating the large halls. The Assyrians made statues and figurines from different materials, including ivory and bronze. Assyrian palace designs show Babylonian influence.