The Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society started The Arts and Crafts Movement in London in 1888. C.R. Ashblee, an architect and designer and Walter Crane founded the society. Between the years of 1861 and 1888, artists formed several associations. William Morris believed the movement would help to make people appreciate handmade arts. Due to the of rising costs of labor, the people whom Morris intended to help appreciate art were unable to afford handmade art pieces. The movement's main purpose was to get away from industrialization and back into handmade artworks.
The movement promoted design and handmade works. It encouraged artists to have a good knowledge of materials used in production. It was these beliefs that formed a bridge to the art of the twentieth century.