Little remains of the art of pagan Armenia. The ruins of a temple and foundations of the palace at Garni have a mosaic . It portrays gods of water and has many inscriptions in Greek. Armenian religious architecture by the Armenians underwent several changes in style. The Armenians designed their early (fifth century AD) churches in the form of a cross, inscribed in a square with projecting axial niches. The next group of churches (fifth and sixth centuries A.D.) featured high basilicas that had either one or three aisles. The last group of churches used domes in the centers. The styles had numerous variations. By the end of the tenth century, church domes had pillars for support. Columns appeared in clusters, with pointed arches and vaults.
The main difference between Armenian and Byzantine churches were the facades. The Armenians tended toward showing flowers and animals around doors, windows and arcades, with busts of saints and images of Christ and the Virgin Mary. Later on, they moved outside inside the churches. There are few painting examples left from this time. The leaves at the end of the "Gospel of Echmiadzin" contain illustrated leaves. The influence of Byzantine is evident in some eleventh century pieces of art. The Armenians built several schools in about the eleventh century.