Pop Art is the form of art which uses various artifacts and modern products with the idea of transforming the objects without damaging their original form. Many different items are used: photographs, posters, advertisements, cartoons, packaging, furniture, machinery, cars, washbasins, quilts, stuffed animals, along with plastic imitations of foodstuffs, and bronzed items such as cans or apples and others.
Pop art has hazy beginnings. Such artists as Picasso used brand-name cookies in 1914; Duchamp used ready-mades as part of his Dada art; Bacon used photographs. The composer John Cage distinguished between sounds that were accidents and those that were picked and transformed these various sounds to art. The notions that an artist may be inspired fairly casually or quite deliberately and that actions that are done by the artist or subject can also become art were both theories that helped to form pop art during the 1950s. Lawrence Alloway is believed to have coined the title. The artists who did the most to start pop art itself included Paolozzi, Hamilton and Magda Cordell in Britain. R. Smith, William Green, Roger Coleman, William Denny and Peter Blake came in on the second cycle of pop art, with Barrie Bates ("Billy Apple"); Derek Boshier and David Hockney. The Americans R. B. Kitaj, P. Caulfield, N. Noynton, Allen Jones and Peter Phillips represented the third wave. The third cycle also contains artists who were more subjective and included the erotic, the romantic and optical illusions in their work. This last group eventually was responsible for influencing the artists who did pop art. It became popular in the 1960s in the United States.
Duchamp was the main founder and proponent of pop art in America. Duchamp's work contained some commercial art (but not magazines), as well as the grouping of different objects. It was humorous and satiric, sometimes bizarre and never had romantic overtones. The artists who followed Duchamp included Andy Warhol, Liechtenstein, James Rosenquist, Wesselmann and Oldenburg, along with Jasper Johns and Rauschenberg. These artists were all East Coast artists. The second main center for the form was California. The West Coast artists were influenced by Kienholz primarily. These artists included Bengston, Mel Ramos, Wayne Thiebaud and Ruscha. The art done for the movement was not designed for homes, being more suitable to galleries and museums: strange furniture or items like Marjorie Strider's ten feet long striped styrofoam clouds, that were meant to hang three deep from a ceiling were never meant to be placed in residences.
Pop art resembles the Abstract Impression movement, that also produced six to fourteen foot paintings that were also difficult to use for interior decoration. These movements seemed to believe that the larger the size of the work the more content it contained.