The French term for the School of Paris is "L'Ecole de Paris". In the broad sense, the School of Paris refers to artists of all nationalities who gathered in Paris beginning in the twentieth century. Original members included Amedeo Modigliani from Italy; Jules Pascin from Bulgaria; Chaim Soutine and Max Band, both from Lithuania and Michel Kikoine from Russia. These original members were all Jewish and belonged to the same generation. They became friends with the Cubists but did not adapt the Cubist theories in their art.
Their art was filled with emotion, very Romantic, and very Expressionistic in style. Even so, the Expressionism that the members adhered to was not the same as the Expressionism that was German, Scandinavian or Belgian. Later members included Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Kees van Dongen, Tsugouharu Leonard Foujita, Chagall, Kisling and Pascin. As time has gone on, the term was defined even more loosely as being associated with the more progressive contemporary painters.