Save Up To 70% Off Retail Prices! | Free Artwork Giveaway | Best Offer | Weekly Deals |  Have Questions? Call 1-888-851-5650  
Learning Center - Home
Art 101 - The Essential Guide
Exclusive Articles
Dictionary of Art Terms
YouTube Channel Opens In New Window.
Fine Art Blog Opens In New Window.
Find the Perfect Artwork!
New to or want to find the perfect artwork fast? Pick a starting point below!
New Arrivals
Artwork On Sale (Up to 70% off)
Weekly DealsHot!
Top Artists & Best SellersHot!
Browse Entire Collection
Featured CollectionsHot!
Browse by Artist Name
Artists In The Spotlight
Browse by Subjects of InterestHot!
Browse by Medium
Browse by Artwork Title
Browse by Dominant Color
Browse by Price Range
Browse by Artwork Dimensions Custom Framing & Online Frame ShopCustom Framing!
Save Time & Money! Fast Turnaround. Learn more...

Best Offer empowers you to negotiate a lower price for an item just like in real life!Like to Negotiate?
Submit an Offer and save a bunch of money! Learn more...

Get the art you want with the Layaway Program!Lay-It-Away!
Buy now and pay later. No Interest or Fees! Learn more...

Listen to eclectic music while you shop!I-Radio!
Shop & listen to eclectic sounds from around the globe! Launch I-Radio. Newsletter
Enjoy exclusive discounts and offers, new product information, decorating tips, educational content, and much more...
View Sample Opens In New Window. | Zero-Spam Policy
Mesopotamian Art
Back Dictionary Glossary
Email Page Email To A Friend
Print Dictionary Term
Add To Social Network
RSS Feed
Mesopotamian art can be divided into several periods. Several of these periods have been defined in other places (Akkadian Art, Babylonian Art, Assyrian Art). For purposes of this discussion, the Mesopotamian art section will cover Sumerian art. However, all others mentioned are part of the general category of Mesopotamian art, because they all developed between the land of the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates.

The Sumerians ruled Southern Mesopotamia during the historical period of 2900-2360 B.C. Their original home is unknown, but it is believed they came from the highlands and migrated into Mesopotamia several centuries earlier. Their major contribution to the art of the area was in the creation of a new style that was more free than earlier periods, a style that combined discipline and integration. There were two main types of temples: one featured a block of rooms with a cult or organizing room being the largest. The other has the cult room combined with a courtyard as the organizing center, with the cult room being pushed off to the side and the smaller rooms grouped around the courtyard. Some of their temples were built on a long platform; others on a high terrace surrounded by a wall with two towers at the entrance. Strong walls with deep buttresses surrounded their towns, with streets parallel or at right angles. Organization figured prominently in Sumerian sculpture as well. Precise figures featured hard, geometric schemes, with straight lines, parts fitting consistently, and faulty proportioned faces.

More naturalistic and refined sculpture was done later. Bodily proportions became closer to those of nature, features became softer and more realistic, and tastes of mobility were foreshadowed. There are few remaining reliefs of the Sumerian period. In one, the "Stele of the Vultures", there are several registers. One shows a god holding a net with his enemies captured; another shows vultures attacking slain bodies in war. The artist realistically rendered his subjects, but depth and three dimensionality are not apparent.

Like this Dictionary Entry? Share it!
Tweet this Dictionary Entry on Twitter Post this Dictionary Entry to facebook Add this Dictionary Entry to! Digg this Article Add this Dictionary Entry to Reddit Add this Dictionary Entry to Technorati Add this Dictionary Entry to Newsvine Add this Dictionary Entry to Windows Live Add this Dictionary Entry to Yahoo Add this Dictionary Entry to StumbleUpon Add this Dictionary Entry to Spurl Add this Dictionary Entry to Google Add this Dictionary Entry to Ask Add this Dictionary Entry to Squidoo
  Go to top of page.
About ArtRev.comContact InformationAffiliate ProgramCustomer ServiceTerms of UsePrivacy Toolbar
See on Houz