Save Up To 70% Off Retail Prices! | Free Artwork Giveaway | Best Offer | Weekly Deals |  Have Questions? Call 1-888-851-5650  
Learning Center - Home
Art 101 - The Essential Guide
Exclusive Articles
Dictionary of Art Terms
YouTube Channel Opens In New Window.
Fine Art Blog Opens In New Window.
Find the Perfect Artwork!
New to or want to find the perfect artwork fast? Pick a starting point below!
New Arrivals
Artwork On Sale (Up to 70% off)
Weekly DealsHot!
Top Artists & Best SellersHot!
Browse Entire Collection
Featured CollectionsHot!
Browse by Artist Name
Artists In The Spotlight
Browse by Subjects of InterestHot!
Browse by Medium
Browse by Artwork Title
Browse by Dominant Color
Browse by Price Range
Browse by Artwork Dimensions Custom Framing & Online Frame ShopCustom Framing!
Save Time & Money! Fast Turnaround. Learn more...

Best Offer empowers you to negotiate a lower price for an item just like in real life!Like to Negotiate?
Submit an Offer and save a bunch of money! Learn more...

Get the art you want with the Layaway Program!Lay-It-Away!
Buy now and pay later. No Interest or Fees! Learn more...

Listen to eclectic music while you shop!I-Radio!
Shop & listen to eclectic sounds from around the globe! Launch I-Radio. Newsletter
Enjoy exclusive discounts and offers, new product information, decorating tips, educational content, and much more...
View Sample Opens In New Window. | Zero-Spam Policy
Back Dictionary Glossary
Email Page Email To A Friend
Print Dictionary Term
Add To Social Network
RSS Feed

When a group of artists or other tradesmen got together to form an organization in the Middle Ages, the group was called a guild. The guild was not necessarily made up of artists or tradesmen who held the same career; rather, varying careers were often represented in a single guild. Doctors and apothecaries belonged to the same guild as painters in Florence. The Florentine guild was called St. Luke, who was the patron saint of artists and physicians. All artists had to join a guild unless they were under direct orders of the ruler. Because of this, the guild records have been extremely helpful to students of art history.

Masters were the only ones who were allowed to start a business. In order to do so, they had to submit work to the guild for approval. After they received approval, they would hire journeymen who would be their assistants and students. As in today's unions, the guilds supervised work conditions, the number of apprentices, and materials used. The guild was also an agent in providing materials for the artists to use, such as panels, that had to sometimes be stamped with the guild's seal before they could be used.

As time went on, the guilds were replaced with the academies, whose main function was teaching. In northern Europe, however, the guilds lasted for a longer time than they did in Italy. In 1655 the guild at Malines tried to prevent Jan Cossiers from completing a commission that had been painted in Cossiers' studio in Antwerp, due to the fact that Cossiers was not a resident of Malines and should be prohibited from working in Malines. As late as the 1960's, the guild in Toronto, that was called the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers of America tried to prevent the completion of a commission of murals by a designer and his assistants.

Like this Dictionary Entry? Share it!
Tweet this Dictionary Entry on Twitter Post this Dictionary Entry to facebook Add this Dictionary Entry to! Digg this Article Add this Dictionary Entry to Reddit Add this Dictionary Entry to Technorati Add this Dictionary Entry to Newsvine Add this Dictionary Entry to Windows Live Add this Dictionary Entry to Yahoo Add this Dictionary Entry to StumbleUpon Add this Dictionary Entry to Spurl Add this Dictionary Entry to Google Add this Dictionary Entry to Ask Add this Dictionary Entry to Squidoo
  Go to top of page.
About ArtRev.comContact InformationAffiliate ProgramCustomer ServiceTerms of UsePrivacy Toolbar
See on Houz